Disaster Knowledge and Household Preparations of Selected Communities in Central Luzon, Philippines: Basis for Enhanced Community Disaster Education Program
Disaster is nature’s worst event that can happen anytime and anywhere. It creates unfathomable destruction to everything. This study aimed to analyse and explore the disaster knowledge and household preparations of individuals in selected communities located in Central Luzon, Philippines. The study used a descriptive research design with the survey as the primary data gathering tool. One hundred thirty (130) respondents took part in the survey from two identified communities in Central Luzon using purposive sampling technique. This study also adopted and modified a research instrument which was subjected to validity and reliability test. The researcher subjected the data gathered with the following statistical tools: weighted mean, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson-r with the help of SPSS 20. The study then generated the following findings (1) the respondents were knowledgeable about disasters and the households were prepared in time of a disaster. In addition, there was a significant difference in the disaster knowledge respondents when grouped according to the community. Also, there exists a relationship between the community of the respondents and their disaster knowledge. Furthermore, a moderate and direct relationship also exists between disaster knowledge and household preparations. Based on the findings the researcher provided a suggestion for an enhanced community disaster education program.
NDRRM Plan 2011-2028, National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), vol. 1 2015. [Online]. Available: https: //www.ndrrmc.gov.ph/attachments/ article/41/NDRRM_Plan_2011-2028.pdf. [Accessed: January 2020].
National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). [Online]. Available: http: //www.ndrrmc. gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content. [Accessed: January 2020].
G. Roder, T. Ruljgaljig, C. -W. Lin, and P. Tarolli, “Natural hazards knowledge and risk perception of Wujie indigenous community in Taiwan,” Natural Hazards, vol. 81, pp. 641-662, 2016. [Online].
R. M. Mercado, “People’s rsk perceptions and responses to climate change and natural disasters in BASECO compound, Manila Philippines,” Procedia Environmental Sciences, vol. 34, pp. 490-505, 2016.
A. Madan and J. K. Routray, “Institutional framework for preparedness and response of disaster management institutions from national to local level in India with focus on Delhi,” International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 545-555, 2015.
E. Espina and M. T. Calleja, “A social cognitive approach to disaster preparedness,” Philippine Journal of Psychology, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 161-174, 2014.
L. A. Acosta, E. A. Eugenio, P. B. M. Macandog, D. B. M. Macandog, E. K. H. Lin, E. R. Abucay, A. L. Cura, and M. G. Primavera, “Loss and damage from typhoon-induced floods and landslides in the Philippines: community perceptions on climate impacts and adaptation options,” International Journal of Global Warming, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 33-65, 2016.
S. N. A. Codjoe, G. Owusu, and V. Burkett, “Perception, experience, and indigenous knowledge of climate change and variability: The case of Accra, a sub-Saharan African city,” Regional Environmental Change, vol. 14, pp. 369-383, 2014.
K. E. McNamara and S. S. Prasad, Coping with extreme weather: Communities in Fiji and Vanuatu share their experiences and knowledge. Climatic Change, vol. 123, pp. 121-132, 2014.
N. G. Iloka, “Indigenous knowledge for disaster risk reduction: An African perspective,” JAMBA Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 272, 2016.
F. V. Aguilar, “Disaster as contingent events volcanic eruptions, state advisories, and public participation in the twentieth-century Philippines,” Philippine Studies: Historical & Ethnographic Viewpoints, vol. 64, no. 3-4, pp. 593-624, 2016.
S. Janif, P. Nunn, P. Geraghty, W. Aalbersberg, F. Thomas, and M. Camailakeba, “Value of traditional oral narratives in building climate-change resilience: Insights from rural communities in Fiji,” Ecology and Society, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 7, 2016.
L. Hiwasaki, E. Luna, Syamsidik, and J. A. Marcal, “Local an indigenous knowledge onclimate-related hazards of coastal and small island communities in Southeast Asia,” Climatic Change, vol. 128, pp. 35-56, 2015.
S. N. M. Dalisay, “Engaging local knowledge for disaster risk reduction,” Kasarinlan: Philippine Journal of Third World Studies, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 75-102, 2014.
T. Izumi, and R. Shaw, “Civil society and knowledge, education and training in risk reduction,” in Shar R., Izumi, T. (Eds) Civil Society Organization and Disaster Risk Reduction, Disaster Risk Reduction (Methods, Approaches and Practices). Springer, Tokyo, 2014. [Online]. Available: https: //doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-54855-5_7. [Accessed: January 2020].
Syafwina, “Recognizing indigenous knowledge for disaster management: Smong, earlywarning system from Simeulue Island Aceh,” Procedia, Environmental Science, vol. 20, pp. 573-582, 2014.
M. -F. Fan, “Disaster governance and community resilience: reflections on Typhoon Morakot in Taiwan,” Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 24-38, 2015.
J. Paulrj, and J. Andharia, “Resilience of indigenous peoples to disasters: An exploration of practices of Konyak community, Nagaland,” European Scientific Journal, pp. 147-160, 2015.
M. S. Islam, S. Sultana, M. Saifunnahar, M. Miah, “Adaptation of Char livelihood on flood and river erosion areas through indigenous practice: A study on Bhuapur Riverine area in Tangail,” Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 13-19, 2015.
R. B. Bhandari, “Social capital in disaster risk management: a case study of social capital mobilization following the 1934 Kathmandu Valley earthquake in Nepal,” Disaster Prevention and Management, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 314-328, 2014.
P. D. Nunn, W. Aalbersberg, S. Lata, and M. Gwilliam, “Beyond the core: Communitygovernance for climate-change adaptation in peripheral parts of Pacific Island countries,” Regional Environmental Change, vol. 14, pp. 221-235, 2014.
S. Lambert, “Post-disaster indigenous mental health support: Tangata whaiora networks after the 2010-2012 Otautahi/ Christchurch earthquakes,” MAI Journal, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 76-91, 2016.
L. -R Wang, S. Chen, and J. Chen, “Community resilience after disaster in Taiwan: A case study of Jialan village with the strengths perspective,” Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation, vol. 12, no. 1-2, pp. 84-101, 2013.
S. Vincze, Research Methodology. University of Debrecen, 2013.
REACH-Initiative, “A study on knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) for disaster risk, reduction,” in Northern Rakhine State, 2015. [Online]. Available: https: //reliefweb.int/ report/myanmar/myanmar-assessment-report-study-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-kap-disaster-risk. [Accessed: January 2020].
P. Cochran, O. H. Huntington, C. Pungowiyi, S. Tom, F. S. Chapin III, H. P. Huntington, N. G. Maynard, and S. F. Trainor, “Indigenous frameworks for observing and responding to climate change in Alaska,” in Maldonado, J.K., Colombi, B., & Pandya R. (eds) Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples in the United States, Springer, Cham, pp. 49-59, 2013.
V. Jha, and A. Jha, “Traditional knowledge on disaster management: A preliminary study of the Lepcha Community of Sikkim, India,” Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 173-182, 2011.
J. N. Nkem, O. A. Somorin, C. Jum, M. E. Idinoba, Y. M. Bele, and D. J. Sonwa, “Profiling climate change vulnerability of forest indigenous communities in the Congo basin,” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, vol. 18, pp. 513-533, 2013.
D. C. Israel and R. M. Briones, “Disaster, poverty, and coping strategies: The framework and empirical evidence from micro/household data-Philippine case,” PIDS Discussion Paper Series, June 2014. [Online]. Available: http: //hdl.handle.net/10419/126967. [Accessed: January 2020].
G. Tuladhar, R. Yatabe, R. K. Dahal, and N. P. Bhandary, “Disaster risk reduction knowledge of local people in Nepal,” Geoenvironmental Disasters, vol. 2, no. 5, 2015.
J. M. R. Asio, “Disaster management program compliance and problems encountered in two provinces in Central Luzon, Philippines,” Interdisciplinary Research Review, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 24-31, 2020.
M. N. Huda, “Understanding indigenous people’s perception on climate change and climatic hazards: a case study of Chakma indigenous communities in Rangamati Sadar Upazila of Rangamati District, Bangladesh,” Natural Hazards, vol. 65, pp. 2147-2159, 2013.
D. Rogayan and L. Dollete, “Disaster awareness and preparedness of barrio community in Zambales, Philippines: Creating a baseline for curricular inteegration and extension program,” Review of International Geographical Education Online, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 92-114, 2020.