Indonesia Network Infrastructures and Workforce Adequacy to Implement Machine Learning for Large-Scale Manufacturing

  • Steven Anderson
  • Ansarullah Lawi
Keywords: Digitalization, Machine Learning, Manufacturing, Network Infrastructure

Abstract

Technological development prior to industrial revolution 4.0 incentivized manufacturing industries to invest into digital industry with the aim of increasing the capability and efficiency in manufacturing activity. Major manufacturing industry has begun implementing cyber-physical system in industrial monitoring and control. The system itself will generate large volumes of data. The ability to process those big data requires algorithm called machine learning because of its ability to read patterns of big data for producing useful information. This study conducted on premises of Indonesia’s current network infrastructure and workforce capability on supporting the implementation of machine learning especially in large-scale manufacture. That will be compared with countries that have a positive stance in implementing machine learning in manufacturing. The conclusions that can be drawn from this research are Indonesia current infrastructure and workforce is still unable to fully support the implementation of machine learning technology in manufacturing industry and improvements are needed.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Steven Anderson

PT. Riau Andalan Pulp & Paper. Batam, Indonesia.

Ansarullah Lawi

Faculty of Engineering, Universal University. Batam, Indonesia.

This is an open access article, licensed under CC-BY-SA

Creative Commons License
Published
        Views : 151
2021-06-22
    Downloads : 115
How to Cite
[1]
S. Anderson and A. Lawi, “Indonesia Network Infrastructures and Workforce Adequacy to Implement Machine Learning for Large-Scale Manufacturing”, International Journal of Artificial Intelligence, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1-16, Jun. 2021.
Section
Articles

References

E. G. Popkava, J. V. Ragulina, and A. V. Bogoviz, “Industry 4.0: Industrial Revolution of the 21st Century,” Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, vol. 169, 2019.

K. Kaushik, Z. Divya, and D. J. Paulo, Industry 4.0 Developments towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Singapore: Springer Singapore, 2019.

C. Jordi and H. Franz, the Future of Management in an AI World: Redefining Purpose and Strategy in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020.

S. S. Shai and B. D. Shai, Understanding Machine Learning: From Theory to Algorithms. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

S. Klaus, The Global Competitiveness Report 2019. Geneva: World Economic Forum, 2019.

A. Bintoro, Indonesia Darurat Tenaga Programmer. CNN Indonesia, 2017. [Online]. Available: https:// www.cnnindonesia.com/teknologi/20170728094848-185-230919/indonesia-darurat-tenaga-programmer. [Accessed: September 2020].

P. Aditya, Banyak Dipesan, Gojek Rekrut Programmer India. CNN Indonesia, 2015. [Online]. Available: https:// www.cnnindonesia.com/teknologi/20151022143648-185-86640/banyak-dipesan-gojek-rekrut-programmer-india. [Accessed: September 2020].

S. Deandra, Jadi Negara Maju pada 2045, Ekonomi Indonesia Akan Bergantung pada Startup. Bisnis.com, 2019. [Online]. Available: https:// teknologi.bisnis.com/read/20190724/266/1128150/jadi-negara-maju-pada-2045-ekonomi-indonesia-akan-bergantung-pada-startup. [Accessed: September 2020].

D. R. Kartika and H. Sari, Jokowi Sebut Cita-cita Indonesia di Tahun 2045. Kompas, 2019. [Online]. Available: https:// www.kompas.com/tren/read/2019/10/20/190800865/jokowi-sebut-cita-cita-indonesia-di-tahun-2045-apa-saja-?page=all. [Accessed: September 2020].

R. H. Kusumo and S. Mulyani, Ungkap Syarat RI Jadi Negara Maju pada 2045. CNBC Indonesia, 2020. [Online]. Available: https:// www.cnbcindonesia.com/news/20200113122419-4-129544/sri-mulyani-ungkap-syarat-ri-jadi-negara-maju-pada-2045. [Accessed: September 2020].

N. Moh, Metode Penelitian. Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia, 2014.

C. R. Kothari, Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. 2nd. New Dehli: New Age International Publishers, 2009.

Sugiyono, Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta, 2018.

J. M. Lexy, Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2017.

M. Geoffrey, D. David, and F. David, Essentials of Research Design and Methodology. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2005.

H. Usman and A. P. Setiady, Metodologi Penelitian Sosial. Jakarta: Bumu Aksara, 2006.

Bloomberg, How the World’s Purchasing Managers See Current Business Conditions, 2020. [Online]. Available: https:// www.bloomberg.com/graphics/global-pmitracker/?srnd=economics-vp. [Accessed: September 2020].

R. Felix, These Are the Top 10 Manufacturing Countries in the World. World Economic Forum, 2020. [Online]. Available: https:// www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/countries-manufacturing-trade-exports-economics/. [Accessed: September 2020].

Trading Economics, Indonesia - Pertumbuhan Produksi Industri (y-on-y). New York: Trading Economics, 2020.

M. Pane, R. Hartono, Y. Yuwana, and S. Raharno, “Implementation Concept of Industry 4.0 to Manufacturing Industry in Indonesia in Order to Optimize Supply Chain Management,” Advances in Intelligent Systems Research, vol. 171, pp. 155-160, 2019. [Online]. Available: https:// doi.org/10.2991/icoemis-19.2019.22. [Accessed: September 2020].

H. Max, Smart Agents for the Industry 4.0: Enabling Machine Learning in Industrial Production. Wiesbaden: Springer Vieweg, 2019.

Suharman and H. W. Murti, “Kajian Industri 4.0 Untuk Penerapannya Di Indonesia,” Jurnal Manajemen Industri dan Logistik, 2019. [Online]. Available: https:// doi.org/10.30988/jmil.v3i1. 59. [Accessed: September 2020].

L. Pedro, Industrial Application of Machine Learning. London: CRC Press, 2018.

Go Figure Podcast, Realistic Approaches to Machine Learning At Gojek. Go Figure Podcast (Episode 4), 2019. [Online]. Available: https:// gofigure.gojek.com/transcript/episode-4-realistic-approaches-to-machine-learning. [Accessed: September 2020].

C. Josh, the Surprising Truth about What it takes to build a Machine Learning Product. Medium, 2019. [Online]. Available: https:// medium.com/thelaunchpad/the-ml-surprise-f54706361a6c. [Accessed: September 2020].

Huawei, Powering Intelligent Connectivity with Global Collaboration. Shenzhen: Huawei, 2019.

P. Y. Manggala, Jumlah Pengguna Internet Terus Meningkat. Republika, 2016. [Online]. Available: https:// www.republika.co.id/berita/nasional/daerah/16/06/21/o94r87284-jumlah-pengguna-internet-terus-meningkat. [Accessed: September 2020].

R. F. Christy and W. A. Yakti, Kecepatan Internet RI Nyaris Terendah, Menkominfo Sebut 6 Sebab. Tempo, 2020. [Online]. Available: https:// bisnis.tempo.co/read/1338150/kecepatan-internet-ri-nyaris-terendah-menkominfo-sebut-6-sebab/full&view=ok. [Accessed: September 2020].

S. Eva, Kominfo: 24.000 Desa Belum Tersentuh Layanan Internet. Detik Inet, 2019. [Online]. Available: https:// inet.detik.com/telecommunication/d-4505284/kominfo-24000-desa-belum-tersentuh-layanan-internet. [Accessed: September 2020].

Tim Peneliti Puslitbang SDPPI, Studi Percepatan Penetrasi Akses Fixed Broadband. Jakarta: Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika, 2018.

N. W. Gleason, Higher Education in the Era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.

S. Eko and P. W. Destiana, Jumlah Insinyur IT Indonesia tak Sesuai Kebutuhan Perusahaan. Republika, 2018. [Online]. Available: https:// republika.co.id/berita/nasional/umum/18/03/01/p4wuzu359-jumlah-insinyur-it-indonesia-tak-sesuai-kebutuhan-perusahaan. [Accessed: September 2020].

S. Sidik, Siapa Minat, RI Butuh 17 Juta Tenaga Kerja IT. CNBC Indonesia, 2019. [Online]. Available: https:// www.cnbcindonesia.com/tech/20190312195140-37-60263/siapa-minat-ri-butuh-17-juta-tenaga-kerja-it. [Accessed: September 2020].

Kata Data, Daya Saing Tenaga Kerja Indonesia Masih Tertinggal, 2019. [Online]. Available: https:// katadata.co.id/infografik/2019/05/16/daya-saing-tenaga-kerja-indonesia-masih-tertinggal. [Accessed: September 2020].

Kata Data, Lulusan SD Masih Mendominasi Angkatan Kerja di Indonesia, 2019. [Online]. Available: https:// databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2019/05/22/lulusan-sd-masih-mendomi nasi-angkatan-kerja-di-indonesia. [Accessed: September 2020].

Lavinda and Antara, Indonesia Disebut Kekurangan Pasokan Insinyur Hingga 280 Ribu. CNN Indonesia, 2018. [Online]. Available: https:// www.cnnindonesia.com/ekonomi/2018050922 1524-92-297076/indonesia-disebut-kekurangan-pasokan-insinyur-hingga-280-ribu. [Accessed: September 2020].

A. Damianus, Kepala Bappenas Keluhkan Jumlah Insinyur di Indonesia Masih Minim. Tirto, 2018. [Online]. Available: https:// tirto.id/kepala-bappenas-keluhkan-jumlah-insinyur-di-indonesia-masih-minim-damE. [Accessed: September 2020].

A. M. Khory and P. Erwin, Google Luncurkan Kursus Machine Learning Berbahasa Indonesia. Tempo, 2018. [Online]. Available: https:// tekno.tempo.co/read/1154236/google-luncurkan-kursus-machine-learning-berbahasa-indonesia/full&view=ok. [Accessed: September 2020].

S. Andreas, PISA 2018. Paris: OECD, 2019.

B. Hariz, Enrichment classes on coding for all upper primary pupils next year. Straits Times, 2019. [Online]. Available: https:// www.straitstimes.com/tech/coding-to-be-made-compulsory-for-all-upper-primary-pupils-next-year. [Accessed: September 2020].

Indriani and R. T. Tri, Kemdikbud tingkatkan persentase jumlah SMK Negeri. Antara News, 2016. [Online]. Available: https:// www.antaranews.com/berita/569509/kemdikbud-tingkatkan-persentase-jumlah-smk-negeri. [Accessed: September 2020].

Datadikdasmen, Permendikbud No. 36 Tahun 2018 Tentang Kurikulum K13, 2018. [Online]. Available: http:// www.datadikdasmen.com/2019/01/unduh-pdf-permendikbud-nomor-36-tahun.html. [Accessed: September 2020].

H. C. Mamahit, “Hubungan Antara Determinasi Diri dan Kemampuan Pengambilan Keputusan Karir Siswa SMA,” Psiko-Edukasi, 2014. http:// ojs.atmajaya.ac.id/index.php/fkip/article/view/ 297. [Accessed: September 2020].

R. J. Widyastuti and T. I. Pratiwi, “Pengaruh Self Efficacy Dan Dukungan Sosial Keluarga Terhadap Kemantapan Pengambilan Keputusan Karir Siswa,” BK UNESA, 2013. [Online]. Available: https:// jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-bk-unesa/article/view/3369. [Accessed: September 2020].

H. Pramudi, Kemampuan Pengambilan Keputusan Karir Siswa Kelas XI Di SMA Negeri 1 Kutasari Purbalingga. Skripsi Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2015.

Y. D. Hadiyat, Kesenjangan Digital di Indonesia (Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Wakatobi). Pekommas, 2014. [Online]. Available: http:// dx.doi.org/10.30818/jpkm.2014.1170203. [Accessed: September 2020].

N. Winda, “Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 Dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia Berbasis Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi,” Stilistika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, 2016. [Online]. Available: https:// doi.org/10.33654/sti.v1i1.343. [Accessed: September 2020].

N. A. Sasmita, G. S. Santyadiputra, and N. N. Sugihartini, “Persepsi Siswa Terhadap Mata Pelajaran Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi (TIK) Antara Sekolah Yang Melaksanakan Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP) Dan Sekolah Yang Melaksanakan Kurikulum 2013 Di Kota Kota Singaraja,” Kumpulan Artikel Mahasiswa Pendidikan Teknik Informatika, 2016. [Online]. Available: http:// dx.doi.org/10.23887/karmapati.v5i3.8760. [Accessed: September 2020].

PyTorch, PyTorch Main Page, 2020. [Online]. Available: https:// pytorch.org/. [Accessed: September 2020].

Tensorflow, Tensorflow Main Page, 2020. [Online]. Available: https:// www.tensorflow.org/. [Accessed: September 2020].

R. Ben, Python overtakes French as the most popular language taught in primary schools. Information Age, 2015. [Online]. Available: https:// www.information-age.com/python-overtakes-french-most-popular-language-taught-primary-schools-123460073/. [Accessed: September 2020].

Language Magazine, World Languages vs. Programming Languages, 2015. [Online]. Available: https:// www.languagemagazine.com/2015/10/21/world-languages-vs-programming-languages/. [Accessed: September 2020].

C. Arpan, 5 Skills You Need to Become a Machine Learning Engineer. Udacity, 2016. [Online]. Available: https:// blog.udacity.com/2016/04/5-skills-you-need-to-become-a-machine-learning-engineer.html. [Accessed: September 2020].